May 31, 202338 comments

Achtung! Buzludzha is not in Berlin!!

Bulgaria’s mountaintop marvel

Some things are worth going a little out of your way for. Buzludzha is definitely one of them.

My heart beat with excitement on my first glimpse of it atop the mountain. Excitement turned to trepidation and foreboding as it drew near. When I gazed up at the imposing structure looming over me, it was sheer awe.

As luck would have it, Buzludzha – the House-Monument of the Bulgarian Communist Party, to give it its full name – was clear. The clouds were below me, stuffed between the valleys’ mountainsides like protective cotton wool, just the peaks poking through to bask in sunlight. The odd bank of cloud whooshed by in the wind but otherwise the Bulgarian weather gods were smiling down on me.

Messages written in giant Cyrillic letters on either side of the main entrance greet the visitor on arrival. I don’t know what they say, but presumably they are communist slogans proclaiming the greatness of Bulgaria, communism, Bulgarians or communists. Buzludzha was a tribute and headquarters to Bulgaria’s communists, so this is an educated guess. In any case, I took pictures. I hope to get the slogans translated.




















I took pictures as fast as my eyes would let me – as soon as I’d taken one I’d already seen the next – and I circled the perimeter to get an idea of the structure’s size and marvel at a wondrous feat of engineering.

Buzludzha is way up at 1,441 meters, making it damned hard to reach. How many of the 6,000 laborers involved in its seven-year construction must have died?

Designed by Guéorguy Stoilov, the monument was built at a cost of 14.186 million Bulgarian leva (€7 million) and unveiled on August 23, 1981 to commemorate the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party (BSDP) in the area 90 years before.

Forget your past? No. Buzludzha also celebrated the joint Russian-Bulgarian forces’ important victories over the Ottoman Army in four battles for the nearby Shipka Pass in 1877-78, and its unveiling coincided with the 1,300th anniversary of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Khan Asparuh in 681. That lasted until 1018, slightly longer than Buzludzha did before the end of communism spelled the end.

The front entrance was all sealed shut, but naturally I had to get in. I had to get in! It didn’t take long. There’s a pile of rocks stacked around the corner to the right of the entrance, with a small opening above. I climbed up, threw my rucksack in, sat up on the left and eased myself in backwards taking care not to bang my head. I was in!

Someone has evidently been taking care of it recently. Sure, the lobby is fucked, and covered in rubble, but the crumbling steps were clear and easy enough to ascend to the main auditorium.

My first glimpse of it as I ascended the stairs sent my heart pounding again. Not that it wasn’t pounding already. I was in Buzludzha!

But the auditorium is incredible, awe-inspiring, just mad. A shiny white marble floor was much cleaner than I’d expected, with a massive hammer and sickle set in a red circle in the middle of the roof looking down on it.

The seats for what must once have been thousands of delegates were all gone, but most of the colorful murals on the surrounding walls remain, depicting various scenes featuring the construction of a socialist society.




















Engels, Marx and Lenin are there of course, across from three other Bulgarian figureheads given pride of place on the other side.

The one on the left was probably Todor Zhivkov, Bulgarian president from 1954 to 1989. Some disgruntled native must have chipped his likeness off the wall once the communists were no longer in charge.

Relatively unscathed beside him is Dimitar Blagoev, who initiated the BSDP and was the main protagonist in founding Bulgarian socialism, while Georgi Dimitrov, who led the country from 1946 to 1949, is to the right.

I took pictures as quickly as I could, mindful of the fact a piece of the roof may fall on my head at any moment. Quite a few pieces had already fallen, judging by the numerous gaps letting the sunlight and passing clouds through.

The noise was almighty. Creaking, rattling, banging, wailing, slamming – all kinds of freaky sounds due to the passing wind. I suppose it’s only natural atop a mountain, but still, spine-tingling.

I was all alone and the spine tends to tingle more as a result in places like these. I made my way back down to the lobby, took more photos, and when I turned around I saw a shadow cross my path. AAAAAAGH! I nearly jumped out of my skin. Then I realized it was my own shadow. As I said, my spine was on high alert.

Downstairs it was blacker than Thatcher’s heart, or whoever her communist equivalent would have been – Stalin, I suppose. It was dark, damned dark. I could only explore with the aid of a torch, through rubble-strewn rooms with leaky pipes and rusted insides.

The toilets were still tiled but cleared of their utensils, but by now my attention had switched elsewhere – to the tower.

I made my way under the auditorium, over dodgy floors, mindful of gaps till I came to a metal door prised open at the bottom. I crawled through and there were the rusted steps I’d been expecting.

I don’t know how many levels beside the lift shaft I went up. Maybe ten. In the dark, with my torched clenched between my teeth, trying desperately not to drop it or indeed myself into in the darkness below.
Bulgarian graffiti adorned some of the walls, written in big angry indecipherable (Cyrillic) letters, red as if written in blood. There was still clanging and banging going on, sometimes weird creaking, so the spine was tingling as before.

On I went. Then the steps ended. There was only a rusty ladder onward. The lift was there. Obviously out of order. I tried looking down, couldn’t see the bottom. Maybe there wasn’t a bottom. Maybe it went all the way to communist hell.

But I was going up. I had to the reach the top! The ladder was through a gap too small for me and my rucksack. One of us had to stay. It was decided the rucksack would wait. I went on.

The ladder wasn’t as bad as I was expecting. I’ve been down and up worse. Finally, I could see a bit of light up ahead and without too much more delay I was inside the red stars that adorn the top of the tower. They were pretty smashed too. I’m not sure shortsighted birds are to blame.

The ladder went on and so I went up, onto the roof! Woohooo! Suddenly the spine stopped tingling. I’d made it!




















Then I noticed a car approaching from afar. They drove right up, stopped outside Buzludzha. Bollocks. Who were these guys? Well, I wasn’t in a hurry, I knew it would take them a while to reach me.

I made my way back down, carefully. Rather than bump into the new arrivals – they might have been trouble – I descended into the deep dark bowels of Buzludzha. There was quite a lot of water, rubble and crumble.

Apparently the place is infested with zombies and they like to play what they call “Blood Games.” I didn’t see any zombies. I found myself in some sort of computer room and there I found a shrine to two French urbexers murdered here on October 5, 2012.

There was a crude wooden cross resting against the wall, holding a note remembering Achille Pinet, 23, and Marrok Brideau, 29 and their murder date. A former bunch of flowers decayed beside it, along with something in gift-paper. On a shelf above – a bible, the remains of a candle and a book of condolences, signed by the occasional visitor, mostly from English-speaking countries.

It’s a hoax – no French fellas were murdered here, though I needed to check with Ivan back at the hotel to be sure. It was the first he’d heard of it, and you can be sure in a quiet rural village in Bulgaria that everyone knows everything going on, never mind the murders. (I looked up the names when I got home, found it was all part of a book called MEAT – Memoirs of a Psychopath. The names and date were the same.)

Still, it was time I moved on. My hotel was 12km away (20km by road) and I had to get back before dark. Being lost in a Bulgarian forest in the middle of the night is not my idea of fun. They have wolves and bearsman-eating bears apparently and I’m sure the wolves aren’t too fussy either.

After picnicking beside the giant fists holding the torches and casting one last look at Buzludzha – it was shrouded in cloud as I left – I set off through the forest.

I won’t go into the mild terror of hiking through a never-ending Bulgarian thick forest in the middle of nowhere at twilight, tripping over roots hidden by fallen leaves, knowing it takes three hours to walk home, not even sure which way is home – eerie silence broken only by strange sounds, sudden movements, and punctuated at times by a distinctly canine smell. I was sure I was on the wrong track until I made it to Shipka.

The next day, I went back to Buzludzha again. I just had to go back.





















  • What: Buzludzha, Buzludja, Бузлуджа (pronounced BUZ-lood-iya). Former Bulgarian Communist Party headquarters fallen on hard times since, well, the fall of the Iron Curtain and the end of communism. Succeeding Bulgarian head honchos were happy enough to let their predecessors’ shining glory fell into disrepair – they couldn’t resist the political brownie points to be gained. All the valuable copper was stolen from the roof in an operation that could only have been made possible with political collusion.
    In 2011 it was handed back to the Bulgarian Socialist Party, the communists’ successor party, though they seem to lack either the wherewithal or the means to preserve it – perhaps they have neither. Ivan, my gracious host for my visit, reckoned it would cost 20 million leva (€10 million) to restore it. He seemed to think it was a lot, but it’s not when you consider the cost of bank bailouts and Berlin’s new airport (€4.6 billion and counting).
    The socialists still meet here every year on the first Sunday in August.
    Darmon Richter has some more on the history of the monument in his excellent blogpost here: http://www.thebohemianblog.com/2012/04/urban-exploration-communist-party.html

  • Where: In the middle of nowhere Bulgaria, in the Central Stara Planina or Balkan mountain range, north of Kazanlak (Казанлъ̀к in Bulgarian), about 12km from the village of Shipka (Шипка), which is the closest community-civilisation to the monument.
    Here’s a map showing its location.

  • How to get there: From Berlin, both Air Berlin and Air Bulgaria fly to Sofia, Bulgaria’s capital, from Tegel. They’re both around the same price, but Air Bulgaria gives you a sandwich, bottle of water, drink (wine, coke etc.) and tea/coffee included! It’s a 2½-hour flight.
    If you’re not travelling from Berlin, other airlines fly to Sofia of course. Try Momondo for flights or this website is also good.
    From Sofia get the bus to Kazanlak (Казанлъ̀к) run by the Union Ivkoni bus company. They go from a secondary terminal to the left of the main terminal building. Watch out for the rude cow at the information desk in the main terminal building if you find yourself there. The bus will take around three hours and the ticket’s 16 leva (€8).
    From Kazanlak the No. 6 bus goes every half-hour to Shipka (Шипка). That takes about 20 minutes and the ticket’s 1.80 leva (90c).
    Once you’re booked into the hotel (see Where to stay below), you can contact the very affable Alex (+359-89-249-4381) to arrange a lift up to Buzludzha for 20 leva (€10). It’ll save you a 12km uphill hike and is well worth it in my opinion. I gave him more. If you’re nice, he may even wait for you and give you a lift back! He’s got two dogs who he’ll take along for the ride. They’re just as friendly as he is.

  • Getting in: The front entrance is locked as mentioned before, but go around the corner to your right, climb over the little mound of rocks and in through the hole. Mind your head.

  • Where to stay (Debut!): The Shipka IT Hotel is the perfect base. Tosha and Ivan looked after me like I was a long-lost son, and Ivan was able to put me in touch with Alex above. They took great pleasure in warning me about the “man-eating bear” roaming the forest outside, and found it hilarious when I told them of being scared of my own shadow. They have a restaurant too, where you can sample Bulgarian cuisine and enjoy its fine wine. You may need to book ahead. Email [email protected], telephone/fax +359-4324-2112 or see www.shipkaithotel.com.

  • When to go: Go in daylight so you don’t get killed. And go early in the day so you’ve plenty of time to get back. I went last week and was incredibly lucky with the weather, but bear in mind that it can get very wild in winter, while snowfall can make it a treacherous proposition. The snow started the day after I left…

  • Difficulty rating: 9/10, primarily due to the hassle of getting here. It actually wasn’t as dangerous inside as I imagined it would be, and it’s easy enough to get in. Still, of course, extreme care must be taken. As always, carelessness can lead to accidents.

  • Who to bring: Someone who’s fit. There are around 300 steps to the top of the tower. Carrying passengers is not an option.

  • What to bring: Camera, torch, good boots, warm clothing, bottle of water and/or vodka, sandwiches, chocolate or some other sustenance to keep you going. If you do end up hiking through the forest, grab a good-sized stick to ward off any wolves and man-eating bears you might come across. It probably won’t help but it might make you feel a bit better about your prospects.

  • Dangers: Rubble and debris litter Buzludzha, particularly away from the main auditorium. Watch out for debris falling from the roof – this was my main concern. You don’t want a slab of concrete landing on your head. There’s abundant asbestos too – try not to breathe in too much of it. 

Buzludzha Abandoned Communist HQ Bulgaria 2013 0570

Time, weather, souvenir hunters and scavengers are taking their toll on Buzludzha. It should be a UNESCO heritage site and protected accordingly, but it’s likely to suffer further damage as Bulgaria’s leaders are disinclined to restore an icon of the country’s communist past.

Photos are dedicated to Paul Sullivan of Slow Travel Berlin for his photographic advice before the trip. They’re certainly a big improvement on what they would have been without him. 

Thanks also to Mark Rodden and Dáire Murray for their invaluable editorial assistance.

UPDATE: Wednesday, May 31, 2023 – There have been major efforts made in the last few years to preserve the Buzludzha monument, which was named one of the seven most endangered heritage sites in Europe by Europa Nostra in 2018. Conservation work began on-site in 2020 and has continued since. There will be a three-day music festival at the site in August 2023. Make of that what you will.

Back in Berlin…

La Pyramide

La Pyramide

Among all of Abidjan’s skyscrapers, none tickles the heavens more than La Pyramide, Rinaldo Olivieri’s brutalist beauty.

Kraftwerk Vogelsang

Kraftwerk Vogelsang

Kraftwerk Vogelsang is a powerless power plant. People gave their lives building it and fighting over it. Now that they’re gone, nobody wants it at all.



Wünsdorf was the Soviet military forces’ HQ in Germany, Little Moscow, the Forbidden City. The Nazis used it before that for their underground army HQ.


  1. UncleEvey

    wow, sounds like a good trip. I am incredible envious, but enjoyed reading your blog 🙂

  2. BrodyRose

    Gosh *-* Those photos are amazing and what a great article !! Btw, I really enjoy reading your blog, you’re absolutely doing an awesome job. Keep writing :))

  3. Anonymous

    Great post, am so jealous! It’s definitely in the top three of abandoned places I want to visit.


  4. Spudnik

    Go! Just go! Sometimes you just have to go! If you need any help or have any questions just drop me an email.

  5. Anonymous

    Thanks, will do. Am stuck in Sweden for a little while longer but hope to be able to go in the spring.

  6. Digital Cosmonaut

    fantastic mate! love that last picture! Well jealous of this one.

  7. Anonymous

    Hey Irish Berliner have been following your blog for sometime and it just gets better and better. I am looking for some advice regarding getting to Buzludzha and exploring Berlin in general. Do you have a specific email contact? If so I can be contacted at andrewtenison[at]gmail.com

  8. Anonymous

    Amazing! I can’t believe I’ve never heard of this place before. Really nice pictures!

  9. Dunkin' Berliner

    Hoe. Lee. CRAP! This is/was/always shall be THE definitive guide to this place. The story was gripping and I felt like I was gonna break my ankle (again) just sitting here reading the bleedin’ thing. And your photography has so greatly improved that I am getting jealous over heah. You should do an urbex book. Feck publishers, they would wince at the quasi-legality of it all. Just print out yer entire bleedin’ blog, duct tape that fecker together and plunk it down at seedy dives all over Berlin. Hell, I’d buy one.


  10. Spudnik

    Aw shucks man! Thanks! I’ll have to repay your kind words with a beer or two over New Year’s. I’ll be in touch. Keep your eyes and ears peeled for any good parties…

  11. Anonymous

    Really awesome! Best article about Buzludzha I have ever seen. I was there too about a month ago, though it was much easier for me as i live just three hours away. Have you seen the tunnel next to the lift? They say it leads right to the monument. Sounds like a good challenge to me!

  12. Spudnik

    Thanks! Do you mean the tunnel under Buzludzha leading to the lift or is there another tunnel? Maybe I’ll have to go back!

  13. Unknown

    Nice article. 🙂
    It is interesting to read this. Different looks on this part of Bulgarian history. But this part of history are not good for Bulgarian peoples. Buzludzha is a symbol of comunism and nothing more… That give answers, why this piece of crap is abandoned.

    However… In this area had a many others interesting places to visit. Like Shipka, Sokolsky monastery, Etar, Dryanovo monastery, city of Tryavna, Bozhenci and etc. These places will give you view from Bulgarian history. 🙂

  14. Spudnik

    Thanks Tihomir for your kind words. I totally understand your reasons for wanting Buzludzha to fall to the ground, though am generally of the opinion that these places – even if they hold bad memories – should be preserved so people never forget what happened there.
    It’s easier for me to say, however, when I’m not talking about something that directly affected me, so I understand and respect where you’re coming from.
    And yes, Bulgaria is full of interesting places to visit. Shipka was great! 🙂

  15. x

    thanks for mentioning slow travel berlin. i bought their book as i plan to see ‘not so much touristic’ places in berlin:)

  16. Jackson Allan

    A lot of rubble has been removed from the main auditorium since we were there in June 2012. Unfortunately we can see that the mosaics have been further destroyed also, which is a shame.

  17. Unknown

    Let me know if you need company on your next urbexer trip! Loved the article, I’ve been drooling over this building ever since I first saw photos a few years back.

  18. Anonymous

    What a great place! And what a great blog full of nice articles about the “forgotten” past. Keep up the good work!

  19. Unknown

    Amazing story!! Makes me want to buy a ticket for Sofia right away. I’m really curious about a detail in the story, what happened with the approaching car?

  20. Unknown

    Great article! I came to Bulgaria 8 years ago for a while and i choosed to stay here 🙂 . Did you notices that Buzludzha is exactly in the center of Bulgaria? Check it on google earth. Once again great job!

  21. Unknown

    As of the 25th of Sept the entrance on the side of is still open. My girlfriend and I visited and there was a lot more rubble noticeable than in the pictures from this article, it really appears to be visibly wearing away at this point. From approaching Buzludzha from the front rainwater was leaking out of the facade and onto the closed off entrance below, also someone appeared to be chipping away at the mosaics (already pilfered), I’d recommend anyone wanting to visit that they go as soon as possible.

  22. Anonymous

    I have found the book about the Buzludzha urbex murders – I think you should have read it first before you dismissed it as a hoax…This book is FREE! 5 Star Review by: Fetish Fiction.
    The contrast between the psychiatrist’s analytical writing and the killer’s horrific ranting is really clever. By turns fascinating, grotesque and horrific, this book breaks all the rules. A sort of anti-narrative with a strong narrative drive, contemporary writing driven by the desires and the powerful, pounding pulse of one of the nastiest serial killers I’ve ever encountered. And the shift in gear from the domestic to the almost apocalyptic is both startling and shocking, to say the very least.
    (reviewed within a week of purchase) smashwords.com/books/view/281278

  23. Spudnik

    It’s fiction. That’s why I dismissed it as a hoax. And I know about the book. I even provided a link to it in the post.
    Glad you enjoyed it though…

  24. Unknown

    Nice blog mate and very informative about the Buzludzha’s history,like the pictures a lot too.

  25. Anonymous

    wow. You went all the way!!! Great. Great pics! Totally jealous of course. Such a beautiful place! Situated on such a hight with awesome views.

  26. Unknown

    Da muss ick hin!!!!!

  27. Unknown

    Did you face any issues from locals, wanting to go up there? I’m planning to see this and other monuments around former yugoslavia. Any advice would be much appreciated

  28. Anonymous

    Man Spudnik! Respect for all your adventures and witty comments, most appreciated. Stumbled across your blog during reseach for an upcoming trip to Vogelsang and Wünsdorf, great stuff. Anyway, back to Buzludzha; as far as my cyrillic/communist-knowledge goes, the letters at the entrance is the first stanza on the “Internationale”, the international socialist/communist “battle song”.
    Corrections from more knowledgeable genossen or comrades are welcome!

  29. Andri

    It looks amazing! Nice pictures and beautiful building… Thank you for your website! I plan a balkan trip this year, can I may connect you for more informations?

  30. Unknown

    Hi Irish Berliner,
    Would you consider this a safe trip do do by yourself hiring a car in Plovdiv and driving to Buzludzha?

  31. Anon

    Bulgaria is safer than most of the EU countries…

  32. Spudnik

    Yep. Go for it! And good luck 🙂

  33. Anonymous

    It’s closed now. No way to get in. 🙁 I did visit this place last week

  34. Guillaume

    Main entrance and the side entrances (holes) are welded shut. Some cameras. I did find a way in if you are skiny and have a small head. But getting out of the building without the help of a small ladder would be an issue. I am really annoyed about this cause i could get in. But then id be screwed once inside.

    Still the view from top of the mountain is impressive.

  35. Anonymous

    i would like to enter the building in 2 weeks. can you give me any tips. I a climber so ddo you think i could enter or exit the building with a climbing rope. I would really apreciate any information about the cameras too. thank you in advance

  36. Anonymous

    Visited today!

    We thought there was no way in but the we found a hole on the concrete. Its a bit of a drop but someone has put wood the you can climb down on. My friends didn’t go on because of this.

    Good luck

  37. ScaryFairy

    Hello, Bulgarian here! First, thank you for visiting our country! Buzludza is pretty interesting place, I have visited it too. About the hoax, I also though it is a hoax, but the only article in Bulgarian I found is from June 2015 and has this written under it:
    “The comments below the articles are suspended from June 2015 in connection with the decision of the European Court, according to which the site owner bears legal responsibility for written by the readers. the-website-name is subject to legal claims and enter into legal costs in connection with their publications” which is pretty strange to me. The website will be sued because of this article. It is really, really strange imo.

  38. Unknown

    Amazing post! My wife and I took a taxi to go up from Kazanlak(18 Lev) and found someone to drove us down. We arrived at around 6, unfortunately the weather god wasn’t on our side. We saw some other Chinese they said there is no way in but we found tow holes on the ground, on the left-hand side of the entrance. If you are tall enough, it’s an easy job. Unfortunately my wife was short so only I went. It was surprising beautiful inside but sadly there were much more holes and the mosaic was much less vivid. After I went in, some other people came and they took ‘souvenir’ of a place of mosaic home. I think they are very selfish. My advice, go before it’s too late. I don’t think it is possible in a few years time as someday it will collapse for certain.


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